What Kind of Hernia Do You Have?
Learn more about the different hernia types, allowing you to better understand what can be done.Learn more
There are many different types of hernias, and our experienced experts are fully qualified to diagnose, treat and operate on each one. If you suspect you have any of the following hernias on this page, please contact our Los Angeles Hernia Center immediately for evaluation and treatment.
An abdominal hernia occurs when a piece of bowel or tissue protrudes through an opening or weak area in the abdominal wall. “Abdominal hernia” is a broad term that encompasses the full scope of hernias that develop in the abdominal area.
A femoral hernia occurs when tissue or the small intestine protrudes through a weakness in the upper thigh area, near the groin. This type of hernia occurs more commonly in women than men and is at a high risk of developing complications.
A hiatal hernia is different from other types of hernias, because the contents protrude into the chest cavity rather than the abdominal wall. It’s a common condition that usually occurs in individuals who are over 50 years old, and is associated with a number of uncomfortable symptoms, including chest pain, heartburn and nausea.
An incisional hernia is a complication associated with abdominal surgery, when the abdominal muscles are cut to allow the surgeon to operate. Although the muscles are repaired, it becomes an area of weakness through which tissue and organs may herniate. A common condition, about 15% of abdominal operations lead to the development of an incisional hernia.
An inguinal hernia occurs when tissue or organs protrude through a weak spot in the inguinal canal, which is located near the groin. Inguinal hernias are more common in men than women, because the inguinal canal is naturally weaker in males. However, women and girls can experience this type of hernia as well.
A testicular hernia occurs when tissue or organs protrude through a weak spot in the inguinal canal, which is located in the groin and near the scrotum. Over time, testicular hernias tend to increase in size as the area becomes weaker and more tissue bulges through.
A ventral hernia is a type of abdominal hernia that commonly occurs along the midline of the abdominal wall. More specific subtypes of ventral hernias include epigastric, umbilical and spigelian hernias.
An epigastric hernia occurs when fat or tissue pushes through a weak area in the wall of the abdomen, between the breastbone and the naval. Because this type of hernia is usually very small, the risk of strangulation is low. However, a hernia in this area still requires prompt medical attention to ensure the patient’s long-term safety.
Umbilical hernias occur when fat, tissue or a part of the intestine protrudes through a weak area in the stomach muscles, resulting in a visible bulge near the naval. Although this specific type of hernia is most common among infants, it may occur in adults as well. In addition, it’s known to affect women more often than men.
A rare occurrence, a spigelian hernia is a type of ventral hernia that develops where the rectus muscles, or “six pack” muscles,” and the lateral oblique muscles meet. This type of hernia may also be referred to as a lateral hernia, and it commonly occurs in patients over 50 years old.
A sports hernia, also known as athletic pubalgia, is a strain or tear of the soft tissues in the lower abdomen or groin area. It commonly affects high-level male athletes who participate in sports that involve planting the feet and twisting intensely, such as ice hockey, soccer, wrestling, football and rugby.
Although this condition is not a type of hernia, it can cause hernias to develop over time. Diastasis recti refers to the separation of the rectus muscles, also known as the “six-pack” muscles. This separation causes a weak area in the abdominal wall that may allow organs and tissue to protrude through or cause an overall convexity or pooch to the abdominal contour.
If you suspect you have a hernia, or you have a protruding bulge near the groin or abdomen, it is important to seek immediate evaluation at the Los Angeles Hernia Center. Untreated hernias can lead to irreversible damage and the development of life-threatening complications, so time is of the essence.
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